Tripura is one of the smallest state in the country located at Northeast India , covers 10,491 square km. and bordered by Bangladesh to the North, South, and West.
In 15 October, 1949, the princely state merged with the Indian Union. Initially, a part 'C' state, it became a Union territory with the reorganization of states in 1956. In 1972, Tripura attained the status of a full-fledged state.
Tripura comes second next to Assam in-respect of population and population density among the North Eastern States of India. As per 2011 census the state population is 36,73,917 with 18,74,376 males and 17,99,541 females, constituting 0.3% of the country's population. Approximately 30% of the state population belongs to scheduled tribes.
The sex ratio of the state is 960 females per thousand males, higher than the national ratio 940. The density of population is 350 persons per square kilometer. Tripura has achieved the first position in literacy with 94.65 percent which is much higher than the national average 74.04 percent.
Tripura lies in a geographically disadvantageous location in India, as only one major highway, the National Highway 44, connects it with the rest of the country.
The health care infrastructure is divided into three tiers – the primary health care network, a secondary care system comprising district and sub-divisional hospitals and tertiary hospitals providing specialty and super specialty care. As on 2013–14, there are 84 Primary Health Centers, 18 Community Health Centers, 13 Sub Divisional Hospitals, 3 District Hospitals, 6 State Hospitals.
As per SRS 2012, the state's performance in major public health care indices, such as Birth Rate (13.9) , Infant Mortality Rate (28) and Total Fertility Rate (1.7) is better than the National Average.